Characterization of Kinesin Switch I Mutations that Cause Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia
National Institutes of Health, National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institute of General Medical Sciences
Department of Biology
Kif5A is a neuronally-enriched isoform of the Kinesin-1 family of cellular transport motors. 23 separate mutations in the motor domain of Kif5A have been identified in patients with the complicated form of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP). We performed in vitro assays on dimeric recombinant Kif5A with HSP-causing mutations in the Switch I domain, which participates in the coordination and hydrolysis of ATP by kinesin. We observed a variety of significantly reduced catalytic and mechanical activities as a result of each mutation, with the shared phenotype from each that motility was significantly reduced. Substitution of Mn2+ for Mg2+ in our reaction buffers provides a dose-dependent rescue in both the catalytic and ensemble mechanical properties of the S203C mutant. This work provides mechanistic insight into the cause of HSP in patients with these mutations and points to future experiments to further dissect the root cause of this disease.
Jennings, S.; Chenevert, M.; Liu, L.; Mottamal, M..; Wojcik, E. J.; and Huckaba, Thomas M., "Characterization of Kinesin Switch I Mutations that Cause Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia" (2017). Faculty and Staff Publications. 155.